## Compressive strength of concrete with palm kernel shell as

# Compressive strength of concrete with palm kernel shell as

### Compressive strength of concrete with palm kernel shell as ...

Mar 14, 2019 Concrete mix design of 1:2:4 was used for the experiment and the following test were conducted to achieve the above mentioned objectives; Water absorption capacity of

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particle size distribution of sand and palm kernel shell, workability of concrete and the compressive strength of the concrete.The values of this test

get price### Compressive Strength of Concrete Containing Palm Kernel ...

cementitious material (SCM) at specified water/cement ratios and curing ages on the compressive strength of concrete cubes samples. Palm kernel shell ash was

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PDF Shelter is a basic human need. Unfortunately, decent shelter for the masses; the poor have not materialized over the years. The cost of concrete... Find, read

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To evaluate the effect of replace- Furthermore, reduced compressive strength can also be ment of palm kernel shell as coarse aggregates on the attributed to

get price### COMPRESSIVE STRENGTHS OF PALM KERNEL SHELL CONCRETE

Aug 07, 2021 COMPARATIVE STUDY OF COMPRESSIVE STRENGTHS OF PALM KERNEL SHELL CONCRETE USING DIFFERENT CURING METHODS. 0. 95. Post Views: 136. CHAPTER ONE. 1.0 INTRODUCTION. To

get price### (PDF) Assessment of Workability and Compressive Strength ...

Sep 01, 2021 Keywords: Compressive strength, Concrete, Mix ratio, Palm kernel shell, Rice husk ash, Workability. Introduction Concrete is a composite materia l which is

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To evaluate the effect of replace- Furthermore, reduced compressive strength can also be ment of palm kernel shell as coarse aggregates on the attributed to the mechanical properties of coarse aggre- compressive strength of concrete plain control concrete gate, since palm kernel shells are weaker in weight than is compared with five concrete ...

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cementitious material (SCM) at specified water/cement ratios and curing ages on the compressive strength of concrete cubes samples. Palm kernel shell ash was used as a partial replacement for ordinary Portland cement (OPC) up to 30% at 5% intervals using mix ratio 1:2:4. River sand with particles passing 4.75mmBS sieve and crushed aggregate of ...

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PDF Shelter is a basic human need. Unfortunately, decent shelter for the masses; the poor have not materialized over the years. The cost of concrete... Find, read and cite all the research you ...

get price### Experimental Study on Palm Kernel Shells as Coarse ...

with palm kernel shells and recommended codification of the use of palm kernel shells as aggregates in concrete. Index Terms— coarse aggregate, compressive strength, concrete, density, palm kernel shells, workability, —————————— —————————— 1.0 INTRODUCTION Concrete is the world’s most consumed man made-

get price### Investigation of the Strength Properties of Palm Kernel ...

compounds. Palm kernel shell ash (PKSA) is a by-product in palm oil mills. This ash has pozzolanic properties that enables it as a partial replacement for cement but also plays an important role in the strength and durability of concrete. The use of palm kernel shell ash (PKSA) as a partial replacement for cement in concrete is investigated.

get price### ASSESSMENT OF CHARACTERISTIC STRENGTH OF PALM KERNEL SHELL ...

Jun 12, 2017 All the samples ware tested based on laboratory test to determine the compressive and flexural strength of the cast palm kernel shell concrete cubes. Information was obtained from the relevant standard and codes of practice (BS 812 PT2, ASTM etc), text books, articles, journals, lecture notes and past researches which provide information on the ...

get price### Suitability of Periwinkle Shell Mixed with Palm Kernel ...

The compressive strength of concrete is one of the most important mechanical properties of hardened concrete. The design of reinforced concrete structures relies on the compressive strength of concrete as its fundamental input [1]. The strength of concrete is influenced by its constituents, namely, cement, aggregates, water and admixtures[2 ...

get price### An appropriate relationship between flexural strength and ...

Jun 01, 2016 This paper presents the determination of an appropriate compressive–flexural strength model of palm kernel shell concrete (PKSC). The direct and indirect Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity (UPV) measurements, with respective to mechanical properties of compression (cube) and flexural (slab) elements, of concrete at various mixes and water/cement (w/c) ratios were made.

get price### LINEAR REGRESSION METHOD FOR PREDICTING

The compressive strength of Palm Kernel Shell Concrete (PKSC) has been reported to be as low as 3.83N/mm2 2by Alengaram et al. (2013) and as high as 44.9N/mm by Shafigh et al. (2010). These values are influenced by the mixed proportions, the water-cement ratio and the addition of admixtures and other reinforcing materials such as steel fibres.

get price### THE EFFECT OF WATER/CEMENT RATIO ON COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH ...

THE EFFECT OF WATER/CEMENT RATIO ON COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF PALM KERNEL SHELL CONCRETE AT 1:2:4 NOMINAL MIX Contributor: mr-chris; engagements: 1 ... Longman Group Limited, London.Okafor, F.O. (1988). “Palm Kernel Shell as Aggregate for Concrete”. Cement Concrete Research Vol. 18, No 6, pp. 901-910.Okpala, D.C. (1990). “Palm Kernel Shell ...

get price### Artificial neural network application to the compressive ...

of using palm kernel shells (PKS) as aggregates on the compressive strength of concrete. ANN with an input neuron of 6 factors, 2 hidden layers, 18 and 12 each and 1 output neuron for the compressive strength were used for this work.

get price### IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering ...

Effect of inclusion of palm oil kernel shell (PKS) and palm oil fibre (POF) in concrete was investigated on the compressive strength and flexural strength. In addition, investigation of palm oil kernel shell on concrete water absorption was also conducted. Total of 48 concrete cubes and 24 concrete prisms with the size of 100mm x 100mm x 100mm and

get price### A comparative study of concrete properties using coconut ...

However, concrete obtained from coconut shells exhibited a higher compressive strength than palm kernel shell concrete in the two mix proportions. The results also indicated cost reduction of 30% and 42% for concrete produced from coconut shells and palm kernel shells, respectively.

get price### Development of lightweight concrete using industrial waste ...

The concrete produced using PKS referred to here after as palm kernel shell concrete (PKSC) and its properties were compared with properties of normal weight concrete (NWC) of grade 30 produced using crushed granite aggregates. ... The fresh and hardened concrete properties such as density, workability, compressive strength of PKSC and NWC were ...

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PDF Shelter is a basic human need. Unfortunately, decent shelter for the masses; the poor have not materialized over the years. The cost of concrete... Find, read and cite all the research you ...

get price### STUDY OF OPTIMUM COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF PALM

with palm-kernel shells at 100% quarry dust were examined. Results show that compressive strength decreased with increase in proportions of palm-kernel shell. For 100, 50, and 0% palm kernel shells in the concrete containing 100% quarry dust, the compressive strength at 28 days were 15.06 N/mm 2, 17.72 N/mm , and 35 N/mm2

get price### Determination Of The Compressive Strength Of Palm Kernel ...

ABSTRACT . This study is on the determination of the Compressive Strength of Palm Kernel Shell Concrete. The effect of percentage replacements (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100%) of crushed granite with palm kernel shell on density and compressive strength of concrete is presented.

get price### (PDF) The Compressive Strength of Light Weight Concrete

The compressive strength of lightweight concrete using palm kernel shell (pks) and periwinkle shell (pws) is reported. The strength as a function of aggregates ,age, and density were investigated.

get price### ASSESSMENT OF CHARACTERISTIC STRENGTH OF PALM KERNEL SHELL ...

Jun 12, 2017 All the samples ware tested based on laboratory test to determine the compressive and flexural strength of the cast palm kernel shell concrete cubes. Information was obtained from the relevant standard and codes of practice (BS 812 PT2, ASTM etc), text books, articles, journals, lecture notes and past researches which provide information on the ...

get price### Mechanical and Durability Properties of Palm Kernel Shell ...

The compressive strength varied with the increase of percentage replacement of Ordinary Portland Cement with Palm Kernel Shell Ash as shown in Fig. 3. From the above values of compressive strength of concrete cubes casted with different % replacement of OPC with PKSA, we could observe that the strength was

get price### Size Variation of Palm Kernel Shells as Replacement of ...

The compressive strength of the 12 mm PKS concrete specimens at 28-day of curing was 10.2 MPa which was 4% to 15.9% better than the other PKS sizes concrete. The flexural strength of the 12 mm palm kernel shells concrete specimens at 28-day of curing was 2.85 MPa which was also 3.2% to 57.07% better than the other PKS sizes concrete.

get price### Effect of Water Cement Ratios on Compressive Strength of ...

This study examined the effect of varying water cement ratio on the compressive strength of concrete produced using palm kernel shell (PKS) as coarse aggregate at different replacement levels.

get price### Suitability of Periwinkle Shell Mixed with Palm Kernel ...

The compressive strength of concrete is one of the most important mechanical properties of hardened concrete. The design of reinforced concrete structures relies on the compressive strength of concrete as its fundamental input [1]. The strength of concrete is influenced by its constituents, namely, cement, aggregates, water and admixtures[2 ...

get price### Pozzolana and Palm Kernel Shells as Replacements of ...

days. The density and workability of concrete decreased as the pozzolana and palm kernel shells content increased; however the maximum strength at each palm kernel shell replacement was reached at 20% pozzolana replacement. The 28-day compressive strength ranged from 8.01Nmm-2 to 14.21Nmm-2, whereas the

get price### THE EFFECT OF WATER/CEMENT RATIO ON COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH ...

THE EFFECT OF WATER/CEMENT RATIO ON COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF PALM KERNEL SHELL CONCRETE AT 1:2:4 NOMINAL MIX Contributor: mr-chris; engagements: 1 ... Longman Group Limited, London.Okafor, F.O. (1988). “Palm Kernel Shell as Aggregate for Concrete”. Cement Concrete Research Vol. 18, No 6, pp. 901-910.Okpala, D.C. (1990). “Palm Kernel Shell ...

get price### IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering ...

Effect of inclusion of palm oil kernel shell (PKS) and palm oil fibre (POF) in concrete was investigated on the compressive strength and flexural strength. In addition, investigation of palm oil kernel shell on concrete water absorption was also conducted. Total of 48 concrete cubes and 24 concrete prisms with the size of 100mm x 100mm x 100mm and

get price### The Feasibility of Palm Kernel Shell as a Replacement for ...

Apr 18, 2016 Palm Kernel Shell is a by-product of Malaysia's palm oil industry, generating waste as much as 4 million tons per annum. As a means of producing a sustainable, environmental-friendly, and affordable alternative in the lightweight concrete industry, the exploration of the potential of Palm Kernel Shell to be used as an aggregate replacement was ...

get price### (PDF) EFFECT OF REPLACEMENT OF SAND WITH GRANITE FINES

This indicated that palm kernel shell concrete performs better in compressive strength when sand is completely replaced by granite fines. The compressive strength also increased with increase in curing age from 7 to 28 days like normal concrete.

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